Eye Care Disorders


Short sightedness – “Myopia”

Condition where you can see near but not far.

Patients with this condition typically have problems with watching television, driving and overall distance visual requirements. It can be caused by various factors including a “longer eye shape”, certain ocular disorders and can be worsen by over – wear of contact lenses


Far sightedness – “Hyperopia”

Condition where you can see far but not near.

People that are far sighted usually don’t know that they have a near vision problem until the eyes become fatigued during near vision activities. They have good vision while driving and watching TV but near vision activities like reading and working on the computer causes tires their eyes when working for long hours.


Astigmatism


This is a condition that 90% of patients have.
It’s caused due to light –rays that enter the eye at different angles and doesn’t have one common focus point. It causes blur for distance and near. It is fully correctable by prescribing spectacle lenses.
Some symptoms of astigmatic patients include shadows on letters, poor night vision and increased visual capability when squinting.


Presbyopia

Presbyopia is what causes all of the “over 40’s” to have arms that are too short.
Usually when this happens patients get very concerned with their new found near vision problem. Join the club! All this is explained by your eye that is staring to lose its natural focusing ability.

It’s perfectly normal to happen to all people and is correctable by prescribing readers. Your near vision will continue to deteriorate up until the age of -+60 where it begins to stabilize.


Cataract
 
A cataract is responsible for your near vision to deteriorate and causes hazy vision when you are over 40. The lens (structure inside the eye responsible for focusing and viewing objects at near) needs to naturally lose its fibres to stay clear while new fibres are added. When we become more aged the natural ability of the lens to shed off the “old” fibres are lost which causes fibres to be added to the lens without losing those it doesn’t need. This causes whitening of the lens or as we know it a cataract.

Typical symptoms of cataracts are:

  • cloudy/hazy vision that doesn’t clear up with spectacles,
  • ghost shadows around words and letters
  • increased light sensitivity